Ontario Wildflowers website

Wildflowers - List of Species in
Newcomb's Wildflower Guide

 
For your convenience you can view on this website photographs and additional information about species found in popular field guides and other books. Simply look up the species in the book listed here and click on the link. Please note that the common and scientific names used here may not be the same ones used in the book.

by Page Number
 
16. Humped Bladderwort (Utricularia gibba)
16. Arethusa (Arethusa bulbosa)
16. Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
16. Common Bladderwort (Utricularia vulgaris)
16. Flat-leaved Bladderwort (Utricularia intermedia)
16. Horned Bladderwort (Utricularia cornuta)
18. Early Coralroot (Corallorhiza trifida)
18. Beechdrops (Epifagus virginiana)
18. Squawroot (Conopholis americana)
18. Spotted Coralroot (Corallorhiza maculata)
20. Water Arum (Calla palustris)
20. Grass Pink (Calopogon tuberosus)
20. Calypso (Calypso bulbosa)
20. Blunt Leaf Rein Orchid (Platanthera obtusata)
20. Small Round-leaved Orchid (Galearis rotundifolia)
22. Showy Orchid (Galearis spectabilis)
22. Hooker's Orchid (Platanthera hookeri)
22. Loesel's Twayblade (Liparis loeselii)
22. Pink Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium acaule)
22. Large Round Leaf Orchid (Platanthera macrophylla)
24. Dwarf Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera repens)
24. Green-leaved Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera oblongifolia)
24. Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens)
24. Butterwort (Pinguicula vulgaris)
26. Hooded Ladies' Tresses (Spiranthes romanzoffiana)
26. Nodding Ladies' Tresses (Spiranthes cernua)
26. Wide-leaved Ladies' Tresses (Spiranthes lucida)
28. Northern White Violet (Viola macloskeyi)
28. Round-leaved Violet (Viola rotundifolia)
28. Sweet White Violet (Viola blanda)
28. Kidney-leaved Violet (Viola renifolia)
30. Marsh Blue Violet (Viola cucullata)
30. Common Blue Violet (Viola papilionacea)
30. Woolly Blue Violet (Viola sororia)
32. Palmate Violet (Viola palmata)
32. Arrow-leaved Violet (Viola sagittata)
34. Squirrel Corn (Dicentra canadensis)
34. Birdfoot Violet (Viola pedata)
34. Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
36. Jack-in-the-Pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)
36. Green Dragon (Arisaema dracontium)
38. Showy Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium reginae)
38. Ram's Head Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium arietinum)
38. Rose Pogonia (Pogonia ophioglossoides)
38. Large Yellow Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var pubescens)
38. Small Yellow Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium parviflorum var makasin)
38. Small White Lady's Slipper (Cypripedium candidum)
40. Dwarf Snapdragon (Chaenorrhinum minus)
40. Green Violet (Hybanthus concolor)
40. Fringed Polygala (Polygaloides paucifolia)
42. Ragged Fringed Orchid (Platanthera lacera)
42. Prairie White Fringed Orchid (Platanthera leucophaea)
42. Smaller Purple Fringed Orchid (Platanthera psycodes)
42. White Fringed Orchid (Platanthera blephariglottis)
44. Club Spur Orchid (Platanthera clavellata)
44. Northern Green Orchid (Platanthera hyperborea)
44. White Bog Orchid (Platanthera dilatata)
44. Long-bracted Green Orchid (Dactylorhiza viridis)
46. Green Adder's Mouth (Malaxis unifolia)
46. Seneca Snakeroot (Polygala senega)
48. Butter-and-eggs (Linaria vulgaris)
48. Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine)
50. Viper's Bugloss (Echium vulgare)
50. Pickerelweed (Pontederia cordata)
52. Great Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica)
52. Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
52. Indian Tobacco (Lobelia inflata)
54. Pale Touch-me-not (Impatiens pallida)
54. Downy Yellow Violet (Viola pubescens)
56. Dog Violet (Viola conspersa)
56. Canada Violet (Viola canadensis)
56. Pale Violet (Viola striata)
56. Long-spurred Violet (Viola rostrata)
56. Sand Violet (Viola adunca)
56. Field Pansy (Viola bicolor)
58. Black Medick (Medicago lupulina)
60. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa)
62. Showy Tick Trefoil (Desmodium canadense)
64. Round-headed Bush Clover (Lespedeza capitata)
66. Wild Lupine (Lupinus perennis)
66. Birdsfoot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)
70. Yellow Corydalis (Corydalis flavula)
70. Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja coccinea)
70. Wood Betony (Pedicularis canadensis)
70. Golden Corydalis (Corydalis aurea)
74. Marsh Speedwell (Veronica scutellata)
74. Thyme-leaved Speedwell (Veronica serpyllifolia)
74. Heart-leaved Twayblade (Neottia cordata)
76. Cowwheat (Melampyrum lineare)
76. Blue Curls (Trichostema dichotomum)
78. Virginia Mountain Mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)
78. Orange-fruited Horse Gentian (Triosteum aurantiacum)
80. Wild Basil (Clinopodium vulgare)
82. Yellow Giant Hyssop (Agastache nepetoides)
82. Horsemint (Monarda punctata)
84. Downy Wood Mint (Blephilia ciliata)
86. Ground Ivy (Glechoma hederacea)
88. Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
88. Lopseed (Phryma leptostachya)
92. Oswego Tea (Monarda didyma)
92. Wild Bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)
94. Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
96. Common Speedwell (Veronica officinalis)
96. Water Speedwell (Veronica anagallis-aquatica)
96. Persian Speedwell (Veronica persica)
96. Bird's-eye Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys)
100. Carpenter's Square (Scrophularia marilandica)
100. Square-stemmed Monkey Flower (Mimulus ringens)
102. Hairy Beardtongue (Penstemon hirsutus)
102. Foxglove Beardtongue (Penstemon digitalis)
106. False Indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)
110. Trailing Wild Bean (Strophostyles helvola)
112. Pale Vetchling (Lathyrus ochroleucus)
114. Beach Pea (Lathyrus japonicus)
114. Marsh Vetchling (Lathyrus palustris)
116. Enchanter's Nightshade (Circaea canadensis)
116. Wild Ginger (Asarum canadense)
118. Common Arrowhead (Sagittaria latifolia)
120. Blue Flag Iris (Iris versicolor)
120. Yellow Iris (Iris pseudacorus)
122. False Mermaid (Floerkea proserpinacoides)
124. Painted Trillium (Trillium undulatum)
124. Red Trillium (Trillium erectum)
124. Nodding Trillium (Trillium cernuum)
124. White Trillium (Trillium grandiflorum)
126. Small Bedstraw (Galium trifidum)
126. Dutchman's Pipe (Isotrema macrophyllum)
126. Yellow Bartonia (Bartonia virginica)
128. Small Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccos)
128. Large Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon)
128. Creeping Snowberry (Gaultheria hispidula)
128. Spring Whitlow Grass (Draba verna)
130. Canada Mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)
130. Hoary Alyssum (Berteroa incana)
130. Jumpseed (Persicaria virginiana)
136. Hairy Rock Cress (Arabis hirsuta)
136. Smooth Rock Cress (Borodinia laevigata)
138. Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
138. Dame's Rocket (Hesperis matronalis)
140. Purple Cress (Cardamine douglassii)
140. Spring Cress (Cardamine bulbosa)
142. Celandine (Chelidonium majus)
144. Yellow Rocket (Barbarea vulgaris)
146. Early Meadow Rue (Thalictrum dioicum)
146. Clammyweed (Polanisia dodecandra)
148. Cuckooflower (Cardamine pratensis)
150. Lyre-leaved Rock Cress (Arabidopsis lyrata)
150. Shepherd's Purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)
152. American Columbo (Frasera caroliniensis)
152. Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis)
154. Yellow Bedstraw (Galium verum)
154. Sweet-scented Bedstraw (Galium triflorum)
156. Partridgeberry (Mitchella repens)
156. Smaller Fringed Gentian (Gentianopsis virgata)
158. Spurred Gentian (Halenia deflexa)
160. Teasel (Dipsacus fullonum)
160. Meadow Beauty (Rhexia virginica)
160. Culver's Root (Veronicastrum virginicum)
162. Golden Saxifrage (Chrysosplenium americanum)
162. Celandine Poppy (Stylophorum diphyllum)
170. Virgin's Bower (Clematis virginiana)
172. Northern Jointweed (Polygonum articulatum)
172. Giant Bird's Nest (Pterospora andromedea)
172. Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora)
172. One-flowered Cancerroot (Orobanche uniflora)
172. Pinesap (Hypopitys monotropa)
174. Round-leaved Sundew (Drosera rotundifolia)
174. Spatulate-leaved Sundew (Drosera intermedia)
178. Naked Miterwort (Mitella nuda)
178. Green-flowered Pyrola (Pyrola chlorantha)
178. Foamflower (Tiarella cordifolia)
178. One-sided Pyrola (Orthilia secunda)
178. Shinleaf (Pyrola elliptica)
180. Alumroot (Heuchera americana)
180. Early Saxifrage (Micranthes virginiensis)
180. Dwarf Canadian Primrose (Primula mistassinica)
182. Silverweed (Potentilla anserina)
182. One-Flowered Pyrola (Moneses uniflora)
184. Buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata)
184. Common Wood Sorrel (Oxalis montana)
184. Goldthread (Coptis trifolia)
184. Woodland Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)
184. Wild Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
184. Barren Strawberry (Geum fragarioides)
186. Purslane (Portulaca oleracea)
186. Mossy Stonecrop (Sedum acre)
188. Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsus)
188. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
190. Japanese Knotweed (Fallopia japonica)
192. Alpine Bistort (Bistorta vivipara)
194. Hound's Tongue (Cynoglossum officinale)
196. Sea Lungwort (Mertensia maritima)
196. Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)
198. Grass-of-Parnassus (Parnassia glauca)
198. Upright Bindweed (Calystegia spithamaea)
198. Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)
198. Trailing Arbutus (Epigaea repens)
200. Pokeweed (Phytolacca americana)
202. Flowering Spurge (Euphorbia corollata)
204. Hooked Crowfoot (Ranunculus recurvatus)
204. Clammy Ground Cherry (Physalis heterophylla)
204. Velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti)
204. Smooth Ground Cherry (Physalis longifolia)
204. Marsh Marigold (Caltha palustris)
206. Moth Mullein (Verbascum blattaria)
208. Broad-leaved Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum canadense)
208. Venus's Looking-glass (Triodanis perfoliata)
208. Baked-apple Berry (Rubus chamaemorus)
210. Tall Ironweed (Vernonia gigantea)
212. Marsh Bellflower (Campanula aparinoides)
212. Tall Rattlesnakeroot (Nabalus altissimus)
212. Creeping Bellflower (Campanula rapunculoides)
212. Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
216. Tall Bellflower (Campanula americana)
218. Honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)
220. Poison Hemlock (Conium maculatum)
220. Wild Carrot (Daucus carota)
220. Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
222. Water Parsnip (Sium suave)
222. Great Angelica (Angelica atropurpurea)
222. Bulb-bearing Water Hemlock (Cicuta bulbifera)
222. Water Hemlock (Cicuta maculata)
224. Sweet Cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)
224. Harbinger-of-Spring (Erigenia bulbosa)
224. Aniseroot (Osmorhiza longistylis)
226. Yellow Pimpernel (Taenidia integerrima)
226. Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea)
228. Virginia Waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum)
228. Water Avens (Geum rivale)
228. Wild Columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
230. Three-toothed Cinquefoil (Sibbaldia tridentata)
230. Tall Cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)
232. White Avens (Geum canadense)
234. White Water Buttercup (Ranunculus aquatilis)
236. Small-flowered Agrimony (Agrimonia parviflora)
236. Wild Senna (Senna hebecarpa)
236. Agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)
238. Spring Avens (Geum vernum)
238. Yellow Avens (Geum aleppicum)
240. Common Cinquefoil (Potentilla simplex)
240. Indian Strawberry (Potentilla indica)
242. Hispid Buttercup (Ranunculus hispidus)
244. Cursed Crowfoot (Ranunculus sceleratus)
244. Bristly Crowfoot (Ranunculus pensylvanicus)
244. Small-flowered Crowfoot (Ranunculus abortivus)
252. Narrow-leaved Gentian (Gentiana linearis)
254. Centaury (Centaurium erythraea)
256. False Pennyroyal (Trichostema brachiatum)
256. Wild Coffee (Triosteum perfoliatum)
256. Periwinkle (Vinca minor)
260. Bladder Campion (Silene vulgaris)
260. White Campion (Silene latifolia)
260. Ragged Robin (Silene flos-cuculi)
260. Red Campion (Lychnis dioica)
260. Night-flowering Catchfly (Silene noctiflora)
262. Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata)
262. Swamp Loosestrife (Decodon verticillatus)
264. Whorled Milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)
264. Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)
264. Poke Milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)
266. Yellow Loosestrife (Lysimachia terrestris)
266. False Heather (Hudsonia tomentosa)
266. Tufted Loosestrife (Lysimachia thyrsiflora)
266. Whorled Loosestrife (Lysimachia quadrifolia)
266. Fringed Loosestrife (Lysimachia ciliata)
270. Narrow-leaved Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica)
270. Carolina Spring Beauty (Claytonia caroliniana)
272. Rock Sandwort (Sabulina michauxii)
274. Field Chickweed (Cerastium arvense)
274. Mouse-ear Chickweed (Cerastium fontanum)
276. Thyme-leaved Sandwort (Arenaria serpyllifolia)
280. Bicknell's Cranesbill (Geranium bicknellii)
280. Canada Anemone (Anemone canadensis)
280. Wild Geranium (Geranium maculatum)
282. Hoary Vervain (Verbena stricta)
282. Miterwort (Mitella diphylla)
282. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata)
284. Striped Wintergreen (Chimaphila maculata)
284. Twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
284. Pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata)
286. Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)
286. Dwarf Ginseng (Panax trifolius)
288. Thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)
288. Long-fruited Anemone (Anemone cylindrica)
288. Wood Anemone (Anemone quinquefolia)
288. Herb Robert (Geranium robertianum)
292. Bog Rosemary (Andromeda polifolia)
292. Leatherleaf (Chamaedaphne calyculata)
304. Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera)
322. Eurasian Black Bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)
324. Field Bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
324. Hedge Bindweed (Calystegia sepium)
326. Black Swallowwort (Cynanchum louiseae)
328. Trumpet Creeper (Campsis radicans)
328. One-seeded Bur Cucumber (Sicyos angulatus)
330. Poison Ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)
332. Slender Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium mucronatum)
332. Grape Hyacinth (Muscari botryoides)
332. Wild Leek (Allium tricoccum)
332. Common Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium montanum)
332. White Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium albidum)
332. Stout Blue-eyed Grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium)
334. Star-of-Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
334. Nodding Wild Onion (Allium cernuum)
334. Yucca (Yucca filamentosa)
336. Yellow Stargrass (Hypoxis hirsuta)
336. Colicroot (Aletris farinosa)
338. Sharp-lobed Hepatica (Anemone acutiloba)
338. Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum)
338. Round-lobed Hepatica (Anemone americana)
338. Yellow Clintonia (Clintonia borealis)
338. White Trout Lily (Erythronium albidum)
340. Perfoliate Bellwort (Uvularia perfoliata)
340. Large-flowered Bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)
340. Sessile-leaved Bellwort (Uvularia sessilifolia)
340. Yellow Mandarin (Prosartes lanuginosa)
342. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
342. Great Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum canaliculatum)
342. Hairy Solomon's Seal (Polygonatum pubescens)
342. Rose Twisted Stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus)
344. Sticky Tofieldia (Triantha glutinosa)
346. Devil's Bit (Chamaelirium luteum)
346. Star-flowered Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum stellatum)
346. False Solomon's Seal (Maianthemum racemosum)
348. Carrion Flower (Smilax herbacea)
348. Water Shield (Brasenia schreberi)
351. Purple Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
352. Indian Cucumber Root (Medeola virginiana)
352. Wood Lily (Lilium philadelphicum)
352. Michigan Lily (Lilium michiganense)
354. Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
354. Blue Cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)
356. Wild Cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)
356. Canada Moonseed (Menispermum canadense)
358. Prickly Pear Cactus (Opuntia humifusa)
358. Sweet Coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus)
358. Coltsfoot (Tussilago farfara)
362. Common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
362. Prairie Dock (Silphium terebinthinaceum)
364. Bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)
364. Twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla)
364. Lesser Celandine (Ficaria verna)
372. Nipplewort (Lapsana communis)
374. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta)
374. Gray-headed Coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)
376. Green-headed Coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata)
376. Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)
376. Elecampane (Inula helenium)
380. Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
382. Silverrod (Solidago bicolor)
382. Robin's Plantain (Erigeron pulchellus)
382. Purple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
382. Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
384. White Lettuce (Nabalus albus)
384. Three-leaved Rattlesnakeroot (Nabalus trifoliolatus)
386. Starflower (Lysimachia borealis)
388. Woodland Sunflower (Helianthus divaricatus)
388. Tall Sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)
388. Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus)
390. Oxeye (Heliopsis helianthoides)
392. Rue Anemone (Thalictrum thalictroides)
394. Tall Coreopsis (Coreopsis tripteris)
398. Sweetflag (Acorus calamus)
400. Parlin's Pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii)
400. Field Pussytoes (Antennaria neglecta)
402. Halberd-leaved Tearthumb (Persicaria arifolia)
402. Arrow-leaved Tearthumb (Persicaria sagittata)
402. Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus)
404. Greater Water Dock (Rumex britannica)
406. Common Saltwort (Salsola tragus)
408. Cypress Spurge (Euphorbia cyparissias)
408. Hairy Pinweed (Lechea mucronata)
410. Common Cattail (Typha latifolia)
410. Lesser Bur Reed (Sparganium americanum)
410. Narrow-leaved Cattail (Typha angustifolia)
412. Spiked Blazing Star (Liatris spicata)
412. Common Burdock (Arctium minus)
414. Green Amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus)
420. Goldenseal (Hydrastis canadensis)
422. Lamb's Quarters (Chenopodium album)
424. Red Baneberry (Actaea rubra)
424. White Baneberry (Actaea pachypoda)
426. Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
430. Field Thistle (Cirsium discolor)
430. Canada Thistle (Cirsium arvense)
430. Bull Thistle (Cirsium vulgare)
430. Nodding Thistle (Carduus nutans)
432. Milk Purslane (Euphorbia maculata)
434. Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
436. Sweet-scented Joe Pye Weed (Eutrochium purpureum)
436. Spotted Joe Pye Weed (Eutrochium maculatum)
438. Clearweed (Pilea pumila)
444. Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)
446. Rough-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago patula)
446. Gray Goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)
446. Seaside Goldenrod (Solidago sempervirens)
446. Early Goldenrod (Solidago juncea)
446. Sharp-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago arguta)
448. Canada Goldenrod (Solidago canadensis)
448. Late Goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)
448. Tall Goldenrod (Solidago altissima)
448. Rough-stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago rugosa)
450. Blue-stemmed Goldenrod (Solidago caesia)
450. Grass-leaved Goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)
450. Ohio Goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis)
450. Stiff-leaved Goldenrod (Solidago rigida)
450. Hairy Goldenrod (Solidago hispida)
450. Zigzag Goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)
452. Stout Goldenrod (Solidago squarrosa)
452. Bog Goldenrod (Solidago uliginosa)
452. Showy Goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
454. Heart-leaved Aster (Symphyotrichum cordifolium)
454. Large-leaved Aster (Eurybia macrophylla)
454. Arrow-leaved Aster (Symphyotrichum urophyllum)
454. White Wood Aster (Eurybia divaricata)
456. Whorled Aster (Oclemena acuminata)
456. Calico Aster (Symphyotrichum lateriflorum)
456. Purple-stemmed Aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum)
456. Panicled Aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)
458. Frost Aster (Symphyotrichum pilosum)
458. Heath Aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides)
458. Upland White Aster (Solidago ptarmicoides)
460. New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)
460. Bog Aster (Oclemena nemoralis)
460. Rush Aster (Symphyotrichum boreale)
460. Smooth Aster (Symphyotrichum laeve)
462. Flat-topped White Aster (Doellingeria umbellata)