Ontario Wildflowers website

Epipactis helleborine

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) Other common names: Bastard Hellebore, Broadleaf Helleborine, Common Helleborine

Other scientific names: Epipactis viridiflora, Serapias helleborine, Serapias viridiflora

French names: Épipactis petit-hellébore

Family: Orchid Family (Orchidaceae)

Group: Orchids

Distinctive features: Deep woods. Purple flowers.

Flowers: Summer;  Green/Brown;  Irregular flowers;  Purple or dark green. Late summer.

Height: Up to 1 m (1-4 ft)

Habitat: Forests;  Deep woods.

Books: Newcomb's Wildflower Guide: 48    Peterson's Field Guide to Wildflowers: 372    ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario: 91   

Native/Non-native: Non-native

Status: Common non-native species. Can actually become invasive.

Photographs: 175 photographs available, of which 15 are featured on this page. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.

Range Map is at the bottom of the page

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flowers

Closeup view of the flowers.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) plant

The whole plant. This is a non-native species of orchid.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flower closeup

A closeup of a Helleborine flower.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flowers

The flowers. Note how they all point downward somewhat. It blooms in late summer - this plant was photographed in August.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flowers

Another view, front-on. Late July flowers.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flowers

A particularly dense flower stalk!

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) leaves


Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) plant

A Helleborine growing in July. Note the flower buds haven't yet appeared.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) plant

Helleborine grows in the woods.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) plant

A Helleborine plant in late fall. The leaves sometimes turn deep red.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) plant

Helleborine flower stalks gradually unfurl.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) flower buds

Flower stalk unfurled, showing flower buds.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) seed pods

Seed pods forming, in October.

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) seed pods

Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine) seedpods

Range map for Helleborine (Epipactis helleborine)

PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State.
The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs.

(Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies)