Ontario Wildflowers website

Dutchman's Breeches
Dicentra cucullaria

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria) Other common names: Soldier's Cap

Other scientific names: Bicuculla cucullaria, Diclytra cucullaria, Fumaria cucullaria

French names: Dicentre capuchon

Family: Poppy Family (Papaveraceae), (Fumitory Family (Fumariaceae))

Similar species:
  •   Squirrel Corn (Dicentra canadensis) - Very similar.


Flowers: Spring;  White;  Irregular flowers

Habitat: Forests

Books: Newcomb's Wildflower Guide: 34   

Native/Non-native: Native

Origin and Meaning of Names:
 Scientific Name: cucullaria: hood-like


Photographs: 142 photographs available, of which 10 are featured on this page. SCROLL DOWN FOR PHOTOGRAPHS.

Range Map is at the bottom of the page

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches plant in bloom.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

The flower shape gives Dutchman's Breeches its common name. The flowers very closely resemble those of Squirrel Corn (Dicentra canadensis).

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

A nice row of Dutchman's Breeches flowers. This is in early May.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Flowers just opening and just turning white in late April.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches is one of the early spring ephemerals. All traces of these plants are gone by late summer.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

A nice patch of Dutchman's Breeches in the early spring forest.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches leaves are very finely divided.

Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

Dutchman's Breeches seed pods ripening.


Range map for Dutchman's Breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State.
The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs.

(Range map provided courtesy of the USDA website and is displayed here in accordance with their Policies)