Other common names:
Amaryllis Family (Amaryllidaceae), (Onion Family (Alliaceae))
Grows from onion-like bulbs. Leaves and bulbs smell like onions.
White Trout Lily (Erythronium albidum) - leaves are mottled. Flowers same time as leaves are out. Leaves do not smell like onions.
Trout Lily (Erythronium americanum) - leaves are mottled. Flowers same time as leaves are out. Leaves do not smell like onions.
Yellow Clintonia (Clintonia borealis) - leaves do not smell like onions. Comes up later in the season.
Summer; White; 6 parts (petals); The flowers bloom well after the leaves have appeared. In fact, the leaves die off and disappear before the flowers bloom.
Leaves appear well before the flowers. Wild Leeks are among the first plants to come up in the spring.
30-45 cm (11-17 in)
Flower stem smooth, without leaves.
Small, hard, shiny seeds atop a 6-8" stalk, persist into the winter.
Forests, Fields and Open Areas; Forests.
Grows in Sun/Shade:
The leaves and bulbs are edible. Please only collect when abundant, and then only collect scattered patches or individual plants. Ill effects may be experienced by some people if large amounts are eaten. If they don't smell like onions, the plants aren't Wild Leek.
The leaves and bulbs are edible. raw or cooked.
Newcomb's Wildflower Guide: 332
Peterson's Field Guide to Wildflowers: 66
ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario: 59
Wild Leeks are onion-like plants that grow in the deep woods. The leaves come up in the spring, usually before much of anything else has come up. The flowers only appear after the leaves have mostly died off.
**Please note that Wild Leeks have become quite rare in Quebec due to professional pickers denuding the woods of them. Now the same thing is happening in eastern Ontario! Unfortunately, this means that they should probably be protected and treated like a rare or thereatened plant. Once again, greed is spoiling something for everyone.
Origin and Meaning of Names:
Scientific Name: tricoccum: three-seeded
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